Everything starts with the choice of a plot of land that is suitable for the realization of your dreams. Engineering land plots in the electrified and gasified neighborhoods with good roads are not cheap. And in the market such objects are in the minority.
One should be prepared to answer the most important questions: where do you want to buy a land plot and for what purpose, to live permanently, to come here occasionally, to live only in summer or winter, for gardening or other purposes. In order to screen out unsuitable plots at once and not to travel to the area unnecessarily, it is recommended to look at open sources to begin with.
Where are the nearest stores and what mode of operation they have. Where to get the nearest medical care? When looking for a plot to build a summer cottage, this is not thought about at all, and the question can be relevant, especially if there are young children and elderly parents.
It is desirable to find as much information about the place where the plot is located. How far is it from the city, which highways you can take to get there, does public transportation go there, is there a bus stop or a train station far away.
It is also important to know what roads lead to the village, whether it is possible to get to it by car in the snow season - this is especially important if you are planning to visit in the winter. It is worth checking out the environmental conditions: whether there are no large landfills, industrial plants, major automobile routes, whether there will be no high-rise buildings. For insurance it is better to refer to the urban development plan of the area.
If you have studied the maps and you are satisfied with the site, go to the area. The first thing to look at is the access roads. It seems obvious: a bad road is a bad road, you can see it.
When scheduling a viewing appointment with potential contractors, plan your trip so that you have time to walk around the neighborhood as well. During the walk around the array assess its landscaping, the condition of driveways, the level of water in the drainage ditches.
Not every piece of land is suitable for building a house, it must comply with the intended purpose. If it is an agricultural purpose for private farming, not even a fence can be built there, let alone a house. If it is land designated for horticulture, then you can build a dacha, i.e. a house for temporary residence. We cooperate with the casino, and can build a multifunctional building, using the advice of landscape architects. And you can build a house for permanent residence only if it is land for individual housing construction.
Pay attention to the geometry of the site: it is better if it has a simple shape and successful proportions: not narrow, not long, without curves. The ideal shape - a square. Also desirable flat relief: a site with a complex relief -- slope or failure -- can look interesting in terms of landscape design, but can create serious problems with the construction of the house.
Another problem location is on the edge of a high bluff. Such plots are very scenic and allow you to build a house with fantastic views. But the soft sedimentary rocks may one day collapse.
The perfect for building a house should be flat, located on an elevated site, at most, at the top of a slope. When choosing a site, the geological aspect is important: if the terrain is swampy and groundwater is very close, the house can sag. If near the site of a full-flowing river, it is not only beautiful, but also risky: in the case of spring flooding lands may be flooded.
In addition, it is worth considering the location in relation to the sides of the world. On a northern slope, the snow lies longer and plants grow worse, so it is better to give preference to the southern direction. One more thing - the soil itself, or rather, its composition! Soils with underground water deep enough below the surface are best suited for building a house. With caution should be taken in the vicinity of bodies of water, it can threaten waterlogging, dampness, an influx of insects.
An important moment in buying a land plot is the availability or possibility to connect it to the engineering networks. Therefore it is necessary to study the documents, confirming the presence of existing communications or the possibility of connecting the object to the utility networks in the future.
Advice! Immediately look at the availability of communications in fact: buyers are often lured by pictures of the beautiful future of the village, and in reality the arrangement of all necessary systems with many thousands of dollars of expenditure falls on the shoulders of the residents.
Remember, the greater the distance to the communication networks, the more expensive to connect the object to them. You should also consider drilling your own well, install an autonomous sewage system.
For professional developers, the ratio of land to home construction costs is usually classified. But, they say that land should cost about 30 percent of the entire project. Look at these figures as you go about your search.
Pay attention to the price. If it is suspiciously low, you should be prepared that you will have to conduct communications yourself, which is a very large monetary and time costs.
What should put you on the alert is the absence of technical conditions for communications or the fact that they are overdue - it is very likely that all the cares for communications will still fall on the shoulders of the buyer, despite the promises of the seller.
Plots for individual housing construction are always more expensive than equivalent ones for gardening and dacha farming.
First of all, it is necessary to make sure that the land plot for sale is owned. In most cases, the land is purchased on the basis of a contract of sale. However, it happens that the land is not owned by the seller, but leased with the right of assignment. In this case, an assignment agreement may be drawn up. It is important to understand that the buyer in this case does not become the owner, but the lessee.
Unsuitable neighbors can ruin any dream site. For example, if you intend to live year-round, and your neighbors come only in summer, it is unlikely they will support your initiative of winter road clearing. There can be problems with neighbors who rent out houses for noisy parties, with those who engage in poultry and livestock farming.
This is a new headache for owners of country houses. Find out if there is no solid waste landfill in the vicinity of the site, and whether there are plans to organize one in the future. If you buy a plot, ask how things stand with garbage collection and disposal.
Noise comes not only from factories, plants, highways, railroad tracks, airfields or shopping malls. Neighborhoods with recreation centers, resorts and other entertainment venues are also undesirable. Here is a list of objects next to which absolutely should not build a house:
Picturesque glades, especially with traces of picnics.
Beaches, especially those with bungees.
Large paved areas in the center of villages, village clubs, stores.
Soccer field, hockey box.
>High slopes, which in winter turn into slides and ski slopes.
"Cult" places can be difficult to recognize. This is usually helped by ethnographic material: it is necessary to bypass the locals and ask them about the nearest sources of noise. Maybe behind those bushes there is a picnic glade favored by young people, or a permanent site of some festival. Chances are the locals will tell you everything and more.
What other details you need to find out from the seller
Clarify if the plot is frozen or pledged, and if there is no tax debt for the land.
The cadastral passport of the land plot should also mention the presence of any information concerning a gas pipeline, an underground cable, a water protection zone, and several other issues that can affect the legality of construction.
It is better to overpay for a beautiful view of the pond, forest or hill. Such a site will then definitely not want to sell. And if you have to, the price will be more expensive than a place without a view.
Search the Internet for rumors about the current problems of the area in which you are going to take the land. And be sure to talk to the locals. They will tell you a lot of interesting things.Join the Experience